USA to Dominate in LNG Capacity
The US and India are expected to lead capacity growth in the global LNG liquefaction and regasification industries from planned and announced (new-build) projects, respectively during the outlook period 2019-2023.
The US's new-build liquefaction capacity is expected to grow from 26.1 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) in 2019, to 210.3 mtpa in 2023, said a report by ResearchAndMarkets.
Of the total capacity expected to come online in 2023, 94 mtpa is expected to come from planned projects that have received required approvals for development while the remaining 116.3 mtpa could come from early-stage announced projects that are yet to receive any approvals for development.
After the US, Qatar and Canada rank second and third, with capacities of 32 mtpa and 29 mtpa, respectively, from new-build liquefaction projects in 2023.
Booming natural gas production from shale plays is driving the US LNG liquefaction capacity growth. The expected LNG exports from these liquefaction terminals are giving serious competition to established players such as Australia and Qatar.
On the regasification front, India leads globally in terms of regasification capacity growth from planned and announced projects with 4.1 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of capacity expected to come online in 2023.
Of the 4.1 tcf of capacity, planned projects account for 1.8 tcf, while early-stage announced projects account for the remaining 2.3 tcf. China and Bangladesh follow India with regasification capacities of 1.9 tcf and 1.6 tcf, respectively in 2023.
In terms of the largest liquefaction terminals in the outlook period by capacity, Qatar LNG terminal leads all the other terminals globally with a capacity of 32 mtpa. The announced terminal is expected to start operations in 2023.
As for the regasification terminals, the Al-Zour terminal in Kuwait is the top LNG regasification terminal globally in terms of capacity with 1.1 tcf. The planned terminal is expected to come online by 2020.