Together with global partners, DNV GL, the world’s largest resource of independent energy experts and renewables certification body, has launched a Joint Industry Project (JIP) to develop a new Best Practice for the validation of turbulence models.
The JIP “Validation of Turbulence Models” aims to create a better understanding of turbulence modelling to reduce uncertainty in the design of wind farms. By jointly developing guidelines in the form of a Best Practice document the project will improve accuracy on site-specific load assessments, leading to a reduction in the cost of wind energy
To design wind turbines and wind farms, the industry currently relies on wind turbulence models that were developed decades ago when wind turbines were smaller than modern turbine types.
With the increased size of wind turbines, current turbulence models result in large fatigue load variations with differences of up to 20%. Furthermore, existing turbulence models are often insufficiently applicable to other site-conditions beyond flat terrain and neutral stability.
By providing a platform to discuss challenges such as the most appropriate turbulence model parameters and whether parameters should differ onshore and offshore, stakeholders are developing a mutual alignment on key questions that are vital to moving the industry forward.
The JIP will collect onshore and offshore wind measurement data from more than 30 global sites, considering onshore, offshore and coastal influences in the analysis. By validating key turbulence parameters and evaluating their load impact, the JIP will provide guidance for optimal wind turbulence design and site assessments in a new Best Practice document.
Kenneth Thomsen, Head of Section for Wind Turbine Loads and Control at DTU Wind Energy, has high expectations for the JIP project on turbulence. “In the design of wind turbines, the critical factor is often the wind inflow modelling, and often it is a challenge to model the wind and turbulence correctly at a specific site with only a limited amount of measured data. In this project, we aim to establish recommendations for using existing wind and turbulence models, but also for further development of these for future use.”
Jose Simon, Senior Engineer at DNV GL – Energy Renewables Certification, responsible for setting up this JIP commented: “In the planning process, it became apparent that there is currently area for improvement on turbulence modelling, especially for site-specific turbulence. Talking to different wind industry stakeholders during the preparation for this project highlighted the necessity of aligning industry expectations on turbulence in a Best Practice. To gain a deeper understanding of turbulence modelling the industry needs to collaborate and this project provides a unique platform to do so.”